The Arabic word Islam means peace, submission and obedience. The religion of Islam is the complete acceptance of the teachings and guidance of God as revealed to His Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). A Muslim is one who believes in God and strives for total reorganization of his life according to His revealed guidance and the sayings zf the Prophet. He also works for building human society on the same basis. “Muhammadanism is a misnomer for Islam and offends its very spirit. The word ‘Allah’ is the proper name of God in Arabic. It is a unique term because it has no plural or feminine gender.
Five Pillars of Islam
1. The declaration of faith : To bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His messenger to all human beings till the Day of Judgement. The Prophethood of Muhammad obliges the Muslims to follow his exemplary life as a model.
2. Prayers : Daily prayers are offered five times a day as a duty towards Allah. They strengthen and enliven the belief in Allah and inspire man to a higher morality. They purify the heart and prevent temptation towards wrong-doings and evils.
3. Fasting the month of Ramadhan : The Muslims during the month of Ramadhan not only abstain from food drink and sexual intercourse from dawn to sunset, but also from evil intentions and desires. It teaches love, sincerity and devotion. It develops a sound social conscience, patience, unselfishness and will-power.
4. Zakat: To pay annually 2.5% of one’s net savings as a purifying sum to be spent on the poor and needy. Zakaat implies that everything man possesses belongs to God and therefore anyone in need has a share in it.
5. Pilgrimage to Makkah: It is to be performed once in a lifetime, if one can afford it financially and physically. Hajj implies Man’s temporary suspension of all worldly activities and his realisation of himself as a naked soul in front of God alone.
Qura’n and Hadith:
The Qura’n is the last revealed word of God and the basic source of Islamic teachings and laws. The Qura’n deals with the bases of creeds, morality, history of humanity, worship, knowledge, wisdom, God-man relationship, and human relationship in all aspects. Comprehensive teachings on which, can be built sound systems of social justice, economics, politics, legislation, jurisprudence, law and international relations, are important contents of the Holy Qura’n.